The MathBlog percentage of a percentage calculator helps you understand and calculate the effect of applying one percentage to another. Whether you’re dealing with tax calculations, cost markups, or other scenarios where multiple percentages are involved, our calculator simplifies these computations.

## Percentage of a percentage calculator

Cummulative percentage formula

\( \frac {p1 \times p2}{100} \)

## What is a Percentage of a Percentage?

A percentage of a percentage calculation involves applying one percentage value to another percentage value, resulting in a new percentage. This concept is essential in various fields, including finance, economics, and business, where it helps to determine relative contributions, markups, and other compounded percentage effects.

### How to Calculate Percentage of a Percentage

To calculate a percentage of a percentage, follow these steps:

**Convert Each Percentage to Decimal Form**: Divide each percentage by 100.

\( \text{Decimal Form} = \frac{\text{Percentage}}{100} \)**Multiply the Decimals Together**: This gives the combined effect of the two percentages.

\( \text{Combined Effect} = \text{Decimal 1} \times \text{Decimal 2} \)**Convert Back to Percentage**: Multiply the combined decimal by 100 to get the final percentage.

\( \text{Final Percentage} = \text{Combined Effect} \times 100 \)

### Example Calculations

#### Example 1: Tax Calculation

Imagine you have a product that is subject to a sales tax of 10% and an additional luxury tax of 5%. To find the overall tax effect as a percentage of the original price:

**Convert to Decimals**:

\( 10 \% = 0.10, \quad 5 \% = 0.05 \)**Multiply the Decimals**:

\( 0.10 \times 0.05 = 0.0050 \)**Convert Back to Percentage**:

\( 0.005 \times 100 = 0.5\% \)

So, the combined tax effect is 0.5% of the original price.

#### Example 2: Discount Calculation

Suppose you have a store that offers a 20% discount on an item, and there’s an additional promotional discount of 10%. To find the total discount effect:

**Convert to Decimals**:

\( 20\% = 0.20, \quad 10\% = 0.10 \)**Multiply the Decimals**:

\( 0.20 \times 0.10 = 0.02 \)**Convert Back to Percentage**:

\( 0.02 \times 100 = 2\% \)

Thus, the combined discount effect is 2%.

### Practical Applications

Understanding how to calculate a percentage of a percentage is useful in various situations:

**Tax Calculations**: Determine the combined effect of multiple taxes on a product.**Cost Markups**: Calculate compounded markups in retail pricing.**Financial Analysis**: Assess the impact of compounded growth rates or interest rates.**Business Analysis**: Evaluate the contribution of various departments to overall performance.

## Frequently Asked Questions

**1. How can I find the percentage of a percentage?**

- Convert each percentage to decimal form by dividing by 100, multiply the decimals together, and then convert back to a percentage by multiplying by 100.

**2. Can a percentage of a percentage exceed 100?**

- Yes, when either or both of the original percentages are greater than 100, their combined effect can also exceed 100%.

**3. What is an example of calculating a percentage of a percentage in real life?**

- For instance, if a company offers a 15% discount and an additional 10% seasonal discount on a product, the combined discount effect would be calculated as follows:

\( \text{Combined Effect} = 0.15 \times 0.10 = 0.015 \quad \text{or} \quad 1.5\% \)