 What is an Octagon?

Regular Octagon: A regular octagon is a plane or flat shape with 8 equal straight sides. The shape is closed, meaning all of the lines are connected.

A “Stop” sign is a regular octagon.

A regular octagon has:

• 8 equal sides
• 8 interior angles of 135 degrees each
• 8 exterior angle of 45 degrees

Note: It’s possible to have an irregular octagon with 8 unequal sides and angles, but this page is devoted to calculating the area of a regular octagon.

How to Calculate the Area of a Regular Octagon

There is more than one way to figure out the area of an octagon.

• A formula can be used to calculate the area of a regular octagon.
• There are different ways to deconstruct the octagon into different shapes, as if you were cutting it apart. You then calculate the areas of the different shapes and add them together.

Method 1: Formula for Calculating the Area of a Regular Octagon

Area of an octagon: 2 x a2 x (1 + )

= 1.414

Solution 1

a = one short side of the octagon = 9

2 x 92 x (1 + 1.414)

2 x 81 x (1 + 1.414) = 391.068

Solution 2

a = one short side of the octagon = 17

2 x 172 x (1 + 1.414)

2 x 289 x (1 + 1.414) = 1,395.292

Method 2: Dividing a Regular Octagon into 8 Triangles

Divide the octagon into 8 triangles. Each triangle has 2 sides of equal length.

Solution

In this example, b = 24 and h = 29.

Area = ½ (b x h) (base x height)

½ of (24 x 29)

24 x 29 = 696 / 2 = 348

348 x 8 = 2,784 = area of octagon

Method 3: Dividing an Octagon into 1 Square, 4 Rectangles and 4 Isosceles Right Triangles

Divide the octagon into:

1 square: area = a2

4 rectangles: area of 1 rectangle = a x b

4 triangles: Area of 1 triangle = ½ (b x h)

Add the area totals of 1 square, 4 rectangles and 4 triangles together for the area of the octagon.

There are additional methods of determining the area of an octagon. Use the method that works best for you.